Capacity Building Programme on Urban Development

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Programme Date: 9 – 13 October 2017 | IIHS Bangalore City Campus

Conducted under the aegis of the Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievance and Pensions, Government of India.
About the Programme

The fact that India is urbanising quickly is now beyond doubt yet the realisation that managing urbanisation is critical to both India’s growth as well as equity agendas has only recently begun to fully sink in. The fact is: whether India manages to achieve sustainable, inclusive growth in the coming decades is contingent on whether it is able to benefit from and direct its urbanisation. The numbers speak for themselves. India’s urban population will rise to 600mn by 2031, that’s nearly 200mn more urban residents in the next decade. Possibly 30-50 percent of these will be poor at the same time that 60% of the GDP will come from cities. This is the second largest urban transition in history – one that represents both an astonishing opportunity and a significant challenge.

Buzzwords are all around us: “Smart Cities,” “Sustainable Cities,” “Inclusive Cities”. Which one of these should Indian cities aspire to be? Just as importantly: how do cities get there with their current challenges of struggling infrastructures, social and economic inequality, and fragmented governance?

There are complex set of questions facing Indian cities today. Some are part of everyday public debate and others matters of specific technical complexity. For example: should a city build a metro system or a bus rapid transit, or expand? How are consumption needs and patterns changing? Where should city managers invest? For example, can the Bengaluru city-region continue to rely on IT as a key growth sector? Should a city’s Master Plan regulate its land and housing markets – can it? How will new proposed urban corridors shape the individual city-regions?

Answers to complex set of problems presented by Indian cities are not likely to be found within narrow constraints of particular professions and knowledge domains. It requires a new kind of professional who can engage and innovate across sectors and disciplines.

The capacity building programme on ‘Urban Development’ represents an opportunity to do precisely this. Tackling the broad theme of urban development, it would provide officers with the training to professionally engage with and work in the urban landscape. Bringing the complex, real-world problems of urban India into the classroom through case-led teaching and learning, the course will leverage the expertise and experience of working practitioners and enable them to apply it to a new domain.

Learning Outcomes

This programme aims to prepare the officers to professionally engage with the complex environment of urban development and build their ability to practice in it.

Key learning outcomes of the programme:

  • Be exposed to perspectives on urbanisation and regional development in India, with a focus on practice terrains such as urban governance, policy, planning, land management, services provision and economic development
  • Contextualise urban and regional development issues and interventions in relation to actual practices of governance, social and political relations, and economic transitions
  • Be introduced to urban sectors (water and sanitation, energy, housing) and how they function
  • Locate their own practice in a deeper understanding of economies, markets and environmental concerns in contemporary urban India
  • Know key emerging trends – from climate change to new urban forms like corridors – within the urbanisation story in India
  • Be exposed to key visual and quantitative methods in urban practice
Learner Profile

This programme is offered by IIHS, to officers of the All India Services (IAS, IPS & IfoS), officers working under Central Staffing Scheme and officers of the Central Secretariat Service and Central Secretariat Stenographer Service (DS/Sr. PPS and above), under the Department of Personnel and Training.

Programme Design and Pedagogy

The training programme is proposed to run for 5 days. A range of pedagogic approaches will be used to enable better understanding and learning. These would include: interactive sessions for perspective building and thematic understanding; skill based sessions; applied learning through cases; and exposure visits. A couple of master classes with IIHS Board Members and Senior Advisers would also be organised during the course of training programme.

Interactive Sessions: Approximately half of the programme will consist of lectures and interactions with participants led by IIHS faculty. Many of such sessions will be team-taught, that is, multiple faculty will engage with the participants in class such that they are able to get a richer and more diverse understanding of the conceptual issues at hand in a single session.

Case Studies/Exposure Visits: Case-based and site-based learning are central to IIHS’s pedagogy, enabling working backwards from wicked problems. The focus is on developing problem-solving skills, as well as building capacity to formulate innovative and sustainable solutions. IIHS has taken on the task of preparing a portfolio of cases for teaching and training. These cases have been developed through multiple grants from organisations such as the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, and address contemporary urban conditions in India. We will draw upon these cases in our training programme. The exposure visits enable ‘learning by seeing’ and discussing the processes with people involved.

Master Classes: The participants will have the opportunity to meet thought-leaders and practitioners from India and across the world, to learn about their work and challenges they face as practitioners in different disciplines and domains of urban practice. The Master Classes will provide a platform to discuss about the ethical, political, and material complexities of practising in Indian cities.

Detail Schedule of Course

Day 1: Monday, 9 October 2017

Time Session Title Faculty Brief Description
09:30 AM – 10:30 AM Registration, Introduction and Workshop Overview Deepak Sanan, Geetika Anand, Swastik Harish Registration formalities and introduction
10:30 AM – 11:30 AM Indian Urban Opportunity I Aromar Revi
  • Overview of global perspective on urbanisation trends and dynamics
  • Discussion on channelling India’s urbanisation to achieve national development goals including economic, social development and environmental protection
11:30 AM – 12:00 Noon Tea Break
12:00 Noon – 1:00 PM Indian Urban Opportunity II Aromar Revi
  • Introduction to various urban governance models
  • Comparison of different governance models and discussion on challenges and opportunities
1:00 PM – 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM – 3:30 PM Urban Policy Making in India S.V. Ranganath (TBC)
  • Critical reflection on government programmes, schemes, missions for the urban areas
  • Discussion on state and national urban programmes: JNNURM, AMRUT, Smart Cities, PMAY, SBM-Urban, HRUDAY
3:30 PM – 4:00 PM Tea Break
4:00 PM – 5:30 PM Urban Reforms and Innovation Manivannan P. IAS
  • Implementing public programmes in urban areas
  • Innovation in urban service delivery and governance


Day 2: Tuesday, 10 October 2017

Time Session Title Faculty Brief Description
09:30 AM – 11:00 AM Approaching “Housing for All” Gautam Bhan, Swastik Harish
  • Outlining a “habitation” approach to housing
  • Focus on secure tenure, adequate services, and integration of mobility and employment
  • Discussion on PMAY and convergence with other missions
11:00 AM – 11:30 AM Tea Break
11:30 AM – 1:00 PM Environment and the City Krishnachandran Balakrishnan
  • Looking at cities from an ecological perspective through the lenses of urban metabolism, equity and sufficiency
  • Drawing upon Indian and international examples, and mapping resource stocks, flows, distribution and access across water systems
1:00 PM – 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM – 5:30 PM Site Visit I: STP and Lake IIHS Team
  • Sensitise participants to innovative water and wastewater management options

Day 3: Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Time Session Title Faculty Brief Description
09:30 AM – 1:00 PM Site Visit II: Bangalore Airport IIHS Team
  • Understanding operations of Bangalore Airport
  • Discussion on airport operations and management
1:00 PM – 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM – 5:30 PM Site Visit III: Namma Metro IIHS Team
  • Experiencing Bangalore Metro and its operations
  • Understanding the process of Metro building and operations through discussions with key officials

Day 4: Thursday, 12 October 2017

Time Session Title Faculty Brief Description
09:30 AM – 11:00 AM Providing Basic Services in Urban Areas I: Water Supply and Sanitation Geetika Anand, Kavita Wankhade
  • Issues and concerns around the delivery of basic services in urban India
  • Universal service delivery, especially to the urban poor
  • Urban missions like SBM-U, AMRUT, Smart Cities
11:00 AM – 11:30 AM Tea Break
11:30 AM – 1:00 PM Providing Basic Services in Urban Areas II: Solid Waste Management Deepak Sanan
  • Challenges and opportunities of solid waste management
  •  Alternatives for solid waste management in urban areas
1:00 PM – 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM – 5:30 PM Site Visit IV: Solid Waste Management Sites and BWSSB IIHS Team
  • Sensitise participants on options for solid waste management
  • Discussion with BWSSB officials on water metering and unaccounted for water (UfW) reduction

Day 5: Friday, 13 October 2017

Time Session Title Faculty Brief Description
09:30 AM – 11:00 AM Urban property records Amlanjyoti Goswami, Deepak Sanan,

Deepika Jha

  • Brief overview of land and property records in the context of DI-LRMP and EODB
  • Analysis of case studies on good practices
11:00 AM – 11:30 AM Tea Break
11:30 AM – 1:00 PM e-governance Gautham Ravichander, egovernments Foundation
  • Technology solutions for urban governance and service delivery
  • Discussion on case studies
1:00 PM – 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM – 4:00 PM Revisiting the Urban Aromar Revi, Deepak Sanan, K. Jairaj, Ashwin Mahesh (TBC)
  • Panel discussion on a way forward for urban management and development
  • Reflections on the 5-day training programme
Faculty Profiles

Gautham Ravichander

Krishnachandran Balakrishnan

Ph.D., Environmental Planning, U.C. Berkeley; Master of Landscape Architecture, U.C. Berkeley; Bachelor of Architecture, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi.

Krishna practices as an architect and landscape architect and conducts research related to urban and environmental planning. His current research focuses on urban spatial analysis and water resources management. In particular he has been working on methods for high-resolution population density estimation and for analysis of heterogeneity within Indian cities in terms of socio-economic typologies and domestic piped water availability. As an architect and landscape architect, Krishna has been working in India on projects ranging from offices and cultural institutions to universities, with an emphasis on building-landscape integration and energy and resource efficiency. He is an advisor with the Indian Institute for Human Settlements and a director in the consulting firm S.P.A. Design Pvt. Ltd with Stephane Paumier and Anupam Bansal.

Manivannan P. IAS

Secretary to Government, Department of Information and Public Relations