The Need for Bottom- Up Assessments of Climate Risks and Adaptation in Climate-Sensitive Regions

Declan Conway, Robert J. Nicholls, Sally Brown, Mark G. L. Tebboth, William Neil Adger, Bashir Ahmad, Hester Biemans, Florence Crick, Arthur F. Lutz, Ricardo Safra De Campos, Mohammed Said, Chandni Singh, Modathir Abdalla Hassan Zaroug, Eva Ludi, Mark New, Philippus Wester   | 2019


Studies of climate change at specific intervals of future warming have primarily been addressed through top-down approaches using climate projections and modelled impacts. In contrast, bottom-up approaches focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. Here, we examine climate signals at different increments of warming and consider the need to reconcile top-down and bottom-up approaches. We synthesise insights from recent studies in three climate-sensitive systems where change is a defining feature of the human-environment system. Whilst top-down and bottom-up approaches generate complementary insights into who and what is at risk, integrating their results is a much-needed step towards developing relevant information to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.

Rekha Test

Amir Bashir Bazaz  | 4 June 2015 

Key Questions

Assumed that a project idea has been finalized, how do we estimate the quantum of money that is required?

From where are we going to raise the required amount of money?

How do we justify the amount identified to be invested in the project conceptualized?

What are therefore; the municipal finance challenges? Can we understand the limitations, opportunities/possibilities?