Effects of Social Protection for Women in Informal Work on Maternal and Child Health Outcomes: A Systematic Literature Review


The International Labour Organization estimates that, globally, approximately two billion people are employed in the informal economy. Of this, 740 million are female workers [1]. In Asia and Africa, a large proportion of non-agricultural female workforce is employed in the informal economy in urban areas. Women workers are concentrated in sectors such as domestic work, street vending, waste picking and home-based work [2,3]. However, extant literature has shown that women in the urban informal economy remain ‘invisible’ [4,5] and are rendered vulnerable by low and often irregular incomes, limited or no access to social security benefits, and noncompliance of labour protections such as maternity leave and minimum wage.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24943/ESPWIWMCHO01.2021