Urban India 2015: Evidence (Urban Transportation)
Urban population growth in the last two decades has been accompanied by sprawl, congestion, and degradation of public health due to disjointed planning, and inadequate quality public transport systems and nonmotorised transport infrastructure. Mobility in urban India is at acusp—with a medium to high increase in per capita trip rates and travel distances, but decreasing non-motorised shares and sharply dropping public transport trips. Simultaneously, 42 per cent of urban households continue to own at least one bicycle. The urban monthly household transport expenditure for the bottom two deciles has stubbornly remained around 2 per cent over 1999 2012. The trajectory and growth of India‘s urban transport and mobility sectors will be determined by policy decisions and investments in the next 15 years.
A copy of the book is available at the IIHS Library for reference.