State-of-the-art Review on Automated Lumen and Adventitial Border Delineation and its Measurements in Carotid Ultrasound

Krishna Kumar P, TadashiAraki, JenyRajan, John R Laird, Andrew Nicolaides, Jasjit S. Suri  | 2018


Accurate, reliable, efficient, and precise measurements of the lumen geometry of the common carotid artery (CCA) are important for (a) managing the progression/regression of atherosclerotic build-up and (b) the risk of stroke. The image-based degree of stenosis in the carotid artery and the plaque burden can be predicted using the automated carotid lumen diameter (LD)/inter-adventitial diameter (IAD) measurements from B-mode ultrasound images. The objective of this review is to present the state-of-the-art methods and systems for the measurement of LD/IAD in CCA based on automated or semi-automated strategies. Further, the performance of these systems is compared based on various metrics for its measurements