Research Priorities for Climate Mobility

Nicholas P. Simpson, Katharine J. Mach, Mark G.L. Tebboth, Elisabeth A. Gilmore, A.R. Siders, Petra Holden, Brile´ Anderson, Chandni Singh, Salma Sabour, Lindsay C. Stringer, Harald Sterly, Portia Adade Williams, Andreas L.S. Meyer, Georgina Cundill, Sarah Rosengaertner, Abdimajid Nunow, Kamal Amakrane, Christopher H. Trisos | 2024


The escalating impacts of climate change on the movement and immobility of people, coupled with false but influential narratives of mobility, highlight an urgent need for nuanced and synthetic research around climate mobility. Synthesis of evidence and gaps across the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report highlight a need to clarify the understanding of what conditions make human mobility an effective adaptation option and its nuanced outcomes, including simultaneous losses, damages, and benefits. Priorities include integration of adaptation and development planning; involuntary immobility and vulnerability; gender; data for cities; risk from responses and maladaptation; public understanding of climate risk; transboundary, compound, and cascading risks; nature-based approaches; and planned retreat, relocation, and heritage. Cutting across these priorities, research modalities need to better position climate mobility as type of mobility, as process, and as praxis. Policies and practices need to reflect the diverse needs, priorities, and experiences of climate mobility, emphasizing capability, choice, and freedom of movement.