Preserving the Past: Strategic Disaster Management for Cultural Heritage Sites in Times of War

Nabeel Ahmad, Rummana Nazi  | 2024


History is testament to the fact that destroying cultural heritage isn’t a new phenomenon. However, the 21st century has witnessed an alarming escalation in the deliberate burning and destruction of cultural heritage sites. Targeting and destroying cultural heritage assets during wartime has serious consequences for both heritage sites and the general human beings. The population's emotional reactions to acts of violence, destruction, and looting of cultural heritage places are some of the most devastating consequences of these attacks. Heritage encompasses much more than just the preservation of historical structures and locations. In any discussion of cultural heritage disaster, how and by whom the narrative is told becomes crucial. The investigators aim to identify the factors influencing disaster or destroying of cultural heritage sites and to formulate guidelines and framework for cultural heritage protection during conflicts and war. The paper aims to identify and address challenges in disaster management during times of war, armed conflict or civil unrest. And this will be done by examining existing literature on disaster management and by considering historical and contemporary incidents of loss during times of war. After going through the past literature and events investigators will propose the strategic disaster management planning for cultural heritage sites which can fulfil their crucial role as preservers of human history, ensuring that the past remains accessible for present and future generations.