Climate Change 2022: Climate Resilient Development Pathways
E. Lisa F. Schipper, Aromar Revi, Edward. R. Carr, Siri H. Eriksen, Luis R. Fernández-Carril, Bruce Glavovic, Nathalie J.M. Hilmi, Debora Ley, Rupa Mukerji, M. Silvia Muylaert de Araujo, Rosa Perez, Steven K. Rose, Pramod K. Singh, Paulina Aldunce, Aditya Bahadur, Natália Barbosa de Carvalho, Ritwika Basu, Zoha Shawoo … Yu Mo et. al. | 2022
Climate resilient development (CRD) is a process of implementing greenhouse gas mitigation and adaptation options to support sustainable development for all (18.1). Climate action and sustainable development are interdependent processes and climate resilient development is possible when this interdependence is leveraged. Pursuing these goals in an integrated manner increases their effectiveness in enhancing human and ecological well-being. Climate resilient development can help build capacity for climate action, including contributing to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions while enabling the implementation of adaptation options that enhance social, economic and ecological resilience to climate change as the prospect of crossing the 1.5°C global warming level in the early 2030s approaches (WG1 10 Table SPM1). For example, incorporating clean energy generation, healthy diets from sustainable food systems, appropriate urban planning and transport, universal health coverage and social protection, can generate substantial health and wellbeing co-benefits (very high confidence1 12) (7.4.4, Cross-Chapter Box 13 HEALTH in Chapter 7). Similarly, universal water and energy access can help to reduce poverty and 14 improve well-being while making populations less vulnerable and more resilient to adverse climate impacts 15 (very high confidence) (18.1, Box 4.7).