Sustainable Cities Initiative City Report: Bangalore, India
Bangalore is the primate city in Karnataka, a state in India, contributing almost 34 per cent to the state’s GDP. While it has a long history of manufacturing (especially textile), the last few decades have seen it grow into a global center for information technology and related services with several domestic and international corporations such as Wipro, Infosys, Microsoft, and IBM locating offices here.
However, the benefits of Bangalore’s growth have not been equally distributed, with about 43 per cent of the city’s population living in multi-dimensional poverty. Moreover, the city’s physical footprint has increased by over 100 per cent in the last decade, although the city continues to have a low-density core: the built-up area has increased at the cost of the city’s vegetation and water resources. In particular, the growth on the city’s peripheries (towards the north and the south-west) is putting an increasing amount of pressure on Bangalore’s natural and economic resources. Bangalore faces considerable risks if it were to continue on its current development pathway.