Urban Sanitation

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Programme Date: 21 – 23 September 2015 | IIHS Bangalore City Campus

Course Description

The three-day programme on Urban Sanitation caters to officers in the urban water and sanitation sector, working in Utilities, Urban Local Bodies, and other State Departments.

This course will enhance participants’ understanding of urban sanitation systems, and enable them to play a key role in being able to plan, implement and maintain/manage  maintenance, in other words, become proficient in managing the  complete wastewater cycle. The course will cover both sewerage and on-site systems, and treatment systems. The course will also help participants get better acquainted with policies and programmes in urban sanitation. Finally, participants will practice how to prepare comprehensive proposals in urban sanitation.

Learning Outcomes

The programme aims to enable urban practitioners to enhance their understanding of urban sanitation, particularly paying attention to the complete wastewater cycle.

At the end of the course, participants will have accomplished the following:

  • An enhanced understanding of waste water management systems, for on-site as well as sewerage systems
  • A higher level of proficiency in managing the complete Wastewater Cycle i.e. planning, implementing, and maintenance management

A better understanding of the broader policy and institutional framework, including the NUSP, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, etc.

Learner Profile

Mid-level officers from Urban Water Boards, State PHEDs, Urban Infrastructure Finance Corporations, Urban Local Bodies, etc. Participants from the Private Sector and NGOs are also eligible to apply.

Course Schedule

The course will be taught over three days, and there will be interactive exercises within each section.

09:30 -10:30 Introductions
10:30 -11:30 Opening Frames Session (on current roles and responsibilities, perceptions of sanitation, public health linkages etc.)
12:00 – 13:15 Urban Sanitation in India: Status and Policy Scenario
14:30 -16:00 Preparation of City Sanitation Plan
16:30-18:00 Sewerage Systems + Wastewater Treatment
9:30- 11:00 Septage Management  Systems
11:30- 13:00 De-centralised Wastewater Systems and Waste Water Recycling
14:00- 15:30 Manual Scavenging : Occupational Health and Safety
16:00- 18:00 Operations and Maintenance Management of sewerage and on-site systems?
9:30- 11:00 Community and Public Toilets: Provision and Maintenance Management
11:30- 13:00 Sanitation Services for the Urban Poor – Understanding Tenure Issues
14:00- 15:30  Detailed Project Report and Proposal Preparation: Exercise
15:30 -16:00
16:00- 18:00
17:30- 18:00 Feedback
Course Structure

Opening Frames Session: This participatory session will and outline the roles and responsibilities of the participants in the room. It will also elicit responses regarding the problems faced by the participants and perceived knowledge gaps in the water and sanitation sector. A common understanding of linkages between public health and sanitation will be explored, particularly highlighting the importance of the whole waste water cycle.

Urban Sanitation in India: Status and Policy Scenario: This session will provide an overview of current status of urban sanitation in India, drawing upon various national level data. The session will then outline the policy framework at the national, state and local body levels and their effectiveness.

Preparation of CSP: This session will outline and elaborate various steps involved in preparation of city sanitation plan. The session will also elicit from the participants, the possible challenges they might face in preparation of CSP, and the group will collectively try to address those challenges.

Sewerage Systems and Wastewater Treatment: The session provides an overview of sewerage systems in Indian cities, focusing on service delivery outcomes of technology and management systems. The session will trace the whole waste management cycle, from collection to treatment; and explore potential and practices of wastewater re-use. It will also examine different options for wastewater treatment. Different options for financing, including PPP will be explored.

Septage Management: This session will outline various on-site sanitation systems and their key features. Concerns of on-site systems and need for septage management will be highlighted. The session will also outline the different steps required to put in place a Septage Management System. Financing and PPP options in septage management will be examined.

DEWATS and Waste Water Recycling: Using case studies, this session will illustrate different decentralised wastewater management systems, and their relative advantages. There will also be a short discussion on waste water recycling methods.

Manual Scavenging:  This session will examine the conditions of manual scavengers, and other sanitation workers. It will examine different occupational safety systems that need to be put in place.

Operations and Maintenance Management: This session will examine different components of O & M Management, and present case studies of institutions that have an O & M regime in place.

Sanitation Services for the Urban Poor – Understanding Tenure Issues: This session will examine concerns of tenure security with regard to provisioning of services, and what could be done to overcome these barriers.

Public and Community Toilets: This session will examine various aspects of Public and community toilets, including operational arrangements, financing and design.

Detailed Project Report and Proposal Preparation: In this session, participants will practice the step-by-step process of DPR preparation.


Geetika Anand

Geetika Anand

MSc (Social Policy and Development) London School of Economics, UK;
BPlan, School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi.

Trained as an Urban and Social Planner, Geetika experience in the development sector spans Master Planning, planning legislation, housing, water and sanitation. Her recent assignments include research on urban water and sanitation and housing (co-author of chapters in the India Exclusion Report); cases and short films on urban water and sanitation as a part of policy brief; baseline and endline studies for a sanitation and livelihood intervention in Katihar, Bihar; policy brief for urban sanitation in Bihar; a sustainability analysis of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission; technical support to Bangalore Development Authority for Master Planning; Govt. of Tamil Nadu’s roll out of their state-wide urban sanitation program; and providing knowledge support to a national groundwater sanitation nexus programme (supported by Arghyam, a grant-maker in the water and sanitation sector);studying development controls in Delhi; supporting geo-spatial analysis for the state of Odisha and selected cities; She has worked with the government, development authorities, education institutions, NGOs, CBOs, private sector and the community. Geetika has taught as a visiting faculty at School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi.

Her other assignments include research and public consultations for rural habitat policy; preparation of project profiles for rural tourism for the Government of Rajasthan; preparation of city development plans for four cities in Madhya Pradesh; writing sustainable rural habitat case studies for Lok Awaas Yatra organised by Development Alternatives; conducting and documenting ‘Community Led Total Sanitation Workshops’ for World Bank and UNICEF. At IIHS, Geetika works across the academic, research and practice teams, and is a key member of the water and sanitation projects.

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Kavita Wankhade

Kavita WankhadeM.Sc (City Design and Social Science), London School of Economics; B.Arch, School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi. 

Kavita is trained in architecture, urban design and social sciences, and her work revolves around settlements‐primarily focusing on the urban and its interface with the rural; and between natural, built systems and socio‐economic dynamics. Kavita has worked as a researcher, designer and project manager, and has developed her expertise through a rich mix of field research, stakeholder analysis, and architectural projects. Her work has involved serious engagement with various state governments in India, multi-lateral institutions, as well experience in the UK public sector. Some of her recent research and consultancy projects have included review of the urban sanitation sector in India that contributed to the development of the National Urban Sanitation Policy 2008; and also impact assessment of the JNNURM in selected urban locations. At IIHS, she is working as Lead Practice and has anchored the development of a national policy paper on water and sanitation in Urban India; carried out monitoring and evaluation of an urban sanitation project in Katihar (Bihar), providing knowledge support to a national groundwater sanitation nexus programme (supported by Arghyam, a grant-maker in the water and sanitation sector); and is providing support to the Govt. of Tamil Nadu’s roll out of their state-wide urban sanitation program.

She also has managed the International Curriculum Development Project at IIHS, and co‐anchors the infrastructure, planning and design portfolios of the curriculum. She is a faculty member in the IIHS team’s LBSNAA’s Phases IV, III, II programmes on urban water and sanitation. She coordinated and was a faculty member in the Programme for Working Professionals in Urban Development (PWP‐UD).

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M N Tippeswamy

M N TippeswamyM. N. Thippeswamy was Chief Engineer (Corporate Planning) at the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) where he was responsible for identification, planning, and development of various water supply and sewerage schemes in Bangalore. He has been Co-ordinator, City Managers Association of Karnataka; advisor to the Integrated Urban Water Management project of Arghyam Trust as well as the Chairman of the Technical Committee for the Bangalore World Water Summit held in February 2012. He has consulted with many international and bilateral agencies on issues of water supply and sanitation including JBIC, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, HUDCO, AusAID and others.  He is a Senior Advisor to the IIHS Practice Team and the water and sanitation projects, as well as a Faculty member in IIHS Training Programmes in water and sanitation, water resources management, and distribution management

Rajiv Raman

MBA, IRMA; B.Tech., College of Engineering, Trivandrum. 

Rajiv K. Raman has 20 years of Development Research and Consulting experience in India. He built up his knowledge-base during the initial years through the management of medium to large survey-based research consulting tasks in rural and urban domains, across sectors – Water Supply and Sanitation, Energy, Natural Resource Management, Livelihoods and Decentralized Governance – and across the country.

Rajiv has provided strategic advisory inputs within the water, sanitation, energy and governance areas and in the overlap amongst these, to state governments, multilateral and bilateral agencies, utilities and select NGOs. These include various aspects of program delivery including strategy, design, delivery systems and assessment metrics. These involved interactions at multiple levels – households, communities, local governments, federal and national governments, and management of researchers/consultants from different disciplines.

His work in the energy, water and sanitation sectors reflects extensive working knowledge and comfort with diverse social groups/formations, government institutions at state, district and sub-district tiers, Civil Society coalitions and Project Management agencies.During the course of his career, Rajiv provided nearly a decade of leadership to the business practice of Public Service Delivery Systems in a premier research and consulting organization.

Somnath Sen

Somnath SenPGDRM, IRMA; BA, Honours (Economics), St. Stephen’s College, University of Delhi. 

Somnath has more than 25 years of international consulting experience in strategic management, institutional reform and governance, decentralization and urban management.

His recent assignments include assistance to the formulation of India’s National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP), Sanitation Rating of Class I Indian Cities (2010); Economics of Sanitation in South Asia; Public Toilets for cities in developing countries; air and water pollution study for India Vision 2030 (World Bank/MoEF); impact assessment of World Bank’s rural water investments in India; strategy for primary waste collection in Monrovia; multi-sector monitoring and evaluation for a national public sector capacity building programme in Ethiopia; Service Delivery Assessments for Water Sector; design of Bangladesh’s Urban Governance programme investments, etc.

He has managed and led a number of institutional development and strategic advice tasks for governments in South Asia, Africa and China as well as for private sector, bilateral and multi-lateral institutions, and INGOs. His clients include multilateral (WB, ADB, UNICEF); bilateral (DFID, GIZ, AusAID, SIDA), INGOs apart from national and local governments. He has extensive field experience in more than 300 districts of 25 Indian states, various cities in India, and provinces/cities in Ethiopia, Liberia, China, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. He serves as the Chief of Practice Programme at IIHS; and teaches in the Urban Practitioners’ Programmes.

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Shivaram KNV

Shivaram KNVM.Plan. (Urban & Regional Planning), CEPT University; B.Arch. JNTU Hyderabad.

Shivaram is a part of the water and sanitation, and Practice Team at IIHS.  His current work involves supporting to Government of Tamil Nadu in rolling out the septage management policy across the state. He has a wide experience in citywide sanitation planning across various cities and towns in India and a few in Bangladesh and Bhutan. His work also includes developing city sanitation plans, related pilot projects for demonstration and septage/fecal sludge management plans. He has been working closely with various state and local governments, education institutions, NGOs and private sector entities. His areas of interest include urban service delivery, local legislation and municipal finance, procurement methods for implementing sanitation infrastructure by state governments and parastatals.

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Chaya Ravishankar

Chaya RavishankarPhD (pursuing) in “ Treated Wastewater Reuse to maximize water use efficiency in Greater Bangalore”,ISEC, Bangalore.  M.Tech in Environmental Engineering, NITK, Surathkal; B.E in Environmental Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering (SJCE), Mysore. 

Chaya is part of water and sanitation team of Practice at IIHS. She has over 4 years of experience in the design of networked and non-networked sanitation systems, and wastewater treatment plants.  Her work includes designing water supply and sanitation systems for 32 towns under Gujarat Rural Housing Board(GRHB);designing and commissioned package sewage treatment plants for Establishments and Apartment complexes; commissioning and comparing performance of Membrane Bio reactor systems with that of tertiary conventional filtration systems at GE Water & process technologies. Chaya is currently looking at feasibility of wastewater treatment and social acceptance for reclaimed water reuse for greater Bangalore. She has conducted Environmental Impact assessments for Highways and developmental projects.

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Course Fee

For Course Fee and Early Bird discounts contact Prashanth on +91 9611911169 or 080- 67606617

Course fee will include reading material, refreshments and lunch for all 3 days. Participants will have to make their own arrangements for travel to and from the venue, as well as their accommodation and dinner.