The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) has empanelled IIHS as a National Resource Centre (NRC).
Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY)
Housing is a basic need that furthers human welfare and is a productive economic asset for households as well as cities. It is unique in enabling citizens to enjoy benefits of social and human development while actively engaging in the production of goods and services and contribute to the economy of their household, city and country. Yet provision of housing – particularly one that is secure and adequate – in urban areas is a major challenge facing policy-makers and urban practitioners today. The lack of housing is even more severe for the urban poor and slum dwellers living in cities.
In this context, the Central Government had launched the Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY), with a focus on an integrated approach aimed at bringing within the formal system those who are forced to live in extra-formal spaces and in denial of right to services and amenities available to those with legal title to city spaces, and at correcting the deficiencies of the formal system of urban development and town planning that have failed to create conditions of inclusiveness and equity; so that, henceforth, new urban families, whether by way of migration or natural growth of population, have recourse to housing with municipal services, and are not forced to create encroachments and slums and live extralegal lives in conditions of deprivation of rights and amenities.
The Rajiv Awas Yojana was conceived over 2 phases – planning and implementation. The planning phase was over in 2013 and the RAY was converted to a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for 2013 – 2022. In the year 2015, the RAY was discontinued and a new scheme – the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana was started with the mission of Housing for All.
As an NRC, IIHS was one of a select set of institutions tasked to deliver capacity development workshops in the areas of Slum Free City Planning and GIS under the flagship programme of the Ministry – the Rajiv Awas Yojana.
The workshops on Rajiv Awas Yojana aimed to develop and enhance the planning and implementation capabilities of urban local bodies with respect to the planning, provision and management of RAY housing projects. It familiarised the participants with the salient features of the Rajiv Awas Yojana and exposed them to the broad range of actors and interventions from public agencies to developers and communities themselves that can be engaged within the framework of RAY. It equipped the participants with the tools and knowledge needed to create the framework for the conception, implementation and management of RAY projects. The practitioners were enabled to identify particular challenges in their towns and cities in implementing RAY schemes in order to directly address them. Processes of how to understand and engage with communities and other non-state actors at various stages of implementation was also touched upon.
The workshops were conducted for officers of the Karnataka Slum Development Board, Departments of Finance, Housing and Urban Development, GoK, Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development Finance Corporation, Karnataka State Remote Sensing and Applications Center, the Directorate of Municipal Administration, and Urban Local Bodies across Karnataka.
Please refer to the following table for information on the capacity building programmes undertaken so far: