As part of the Urban Practitioners Programme, IIHS has partnered with Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO) for providing a platform for discussions and reflections on path-breaking issues in issues such as affordable housing and urban water supply and sanitation in Indian cities. The round-tables enable stakeholders to draw upon their experience to reflect on improvements in public services; and to provide a platform for a sharing of perspectives and experiences by stakeholders, irrespective of their institutional affiliation.
Management Development Programme (MDP) in Affordable Housing: State Policies and Actions | 22-23 July 2014
The National Urban Housing & Habitat Policy of 2007 states that “Shelter is a basic human need, next only to food and clothing”, prioritising access to housing for all. However, MoHUPA’s Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage 2012 (TG-12) estimated a housing deficit of over 18 million housing units, concentrated in the economically weaker sections (EWS) and lower income groups (LIG) within society.
Besides the initiatives of the Central Government, some states have notified State Housing Policies– Punjab in 2008 (PHHP-2008) and Kerala in 2011 (KSHP-2011) while Rajasthan has led in adopting a possible new paradigm through its ‘Affordable Housing policy’ notified in 2009. At the same time, Andhra Pradesh also unveiled its guidelines on the Scheme for Affordable Housing in Partnership (SAHIP 2009). A few states have followed suit recently with Odisha introducing its ‘Scheme for Affordable Urban Housing’ in 2012, Karnataka recently notifying its Affordable Housing Policy in 2013 (KAHP-2013) and several other states considering such a policy for the future.These housing policies attempt to create an appropriate framework that facilitates the access to affordable housing for EWS and LIG segments of society, through both demand and supply interventions.
However, is this approach of looking at demand- and supply-side concerns around affordable housing the best approach? Is there a chance that reducing the housing question to one of demand and supply effectively encourages only technocratic solutions to what is a socio-economic and cultural situation? Is it, therefore, required to step back and assess the housing question from a more holistic perspective, which is integrated with the overall question of development, rural-urban divides, employment and livelihoods, human development outcomes, among others?Should these initiatives also aim to encourage a progressive shift from target orientation to a demand driven approach as also from a subsidy based housing scheme to cost sharing or cost recovery-cum-subsidy schemes, within the frame of a rights-based approach?
With these broad questions in mind, the Management Development Programme aims to familiarize participants with emerging state policies on affordable housing, evaluate their achievements as well as the challenges ahead and share updated information regarding their status.
The programme is intended for housing professionals in the public sector who are involved in the conception, design, management and delivery of public sector urban social housing schemes.
National Round-table on Affordable Housing: New Paradigms in State Actions | 28 Jan 2014
The National Urban Housing & Habitat Policy of 2007 states that “Shelter is a basic human need next only to food and clothing”, prioritising access to housing for all. However, urban India’s estimated deficit of more than 18 million housing units in 2012 shows us that much remains to be done. This deficit is further highly concentrated (95 percent) in the EWS and LIG sections of society, implying that specific actions are needed at both the national as well as the state level.
State governments and para-statal institutions have not yet, by and large, taken very strong steps in housing policy even though they are inevitably more closely aware of and involved in the housing struggles of their state. This has begun to see a welcome change. Two states have notified separate State Housing Policies – Punjab in 2008 (PHHP-2008) and Kerala in 2011 (KSHP-2011). Rajasthan has led in adopting a possible new paradigm through an ‘Affordable Housing policy’ in 2009. Karnataka has recently notified its Affordable Housing Policy in 2013 (KAHP-2013), and several other states are considering such a policy.
The Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO), the Karnataka Housing Board (KHB), and the Indian Institute for Human Settlements, (IIHS) have partnered to host a 1-day National Round-table Conference on ‘Affordable Housing: New Paradigms in State Actions’ to leverage diverse experiences in the formulation and implementation of State Housing Policies, and facilitate peer-learning among stakeholders from different geographies who are associated with the affordable housing sector.
The round-table will aim to understand emerging state policies on affordable housing, looking at what their achievements are as well as the challenges ahead and share information and reflections from a select group of representatives of these states along with diverse representation from the Housing Finance Institutions, Non-Governmental Organizations and the Private Developers.
Management Development Programme (MDP) on Urban Water Supply and Sanitation | 16 - 17 Jan 2014
As part of the Urban Practitioners Programme, IIHS has partnered with Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO) for providing a platform for discussions and reflections on path-breaking issues in urban water supply and sanitation in Indian cities (through periodic Round-Tables); and for capacity and knowledge building amongst sector practitioners by organising Management Development Programmes.
The proposed MDP is aimed at urban practitioners mainly in the public sector, who are constantly faced with the questions of what and how could they really contribute to the schemes and programmes being implemented. Besides covering the essentials in the water and sanitation sector including water resources, water supply and distribution, wastewater, the programme will also cover issues relating to policy, institutional, financial, PPP, etc. Some of the discussions and insights gleaned from the national stakeholder Round-Tables held (March and Nov 2013) will also inform the programme. Apart from IIHS own pool of expertise, specialists from academic and practice backgrounds will be brought in to provide a real-life and holistic perspective required by urban practitioners operating in the complex realities of Indian cities. The participants for the MDP are expected to include officers from HUDCO, and nominees from appropriate State Government and city agencies.
National Round-table on Urban Water Supply and Sanitation | 11 Nov 2013
The Regional Water Resources and Pollution Questions
As part of the Urban Practitioners Programme, IIHS has partnered with Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited (HUDCO) for providing a platform for discussions and reflections on path-breaking issues in urban water supply and sanitation in Indian cities. The round-tables enable stakeholders to draw upon their experience to reflect on improvements in urban water and sanitation; and to provide a platform for a sharing of perspectives and experiences by stakeholders, irrespective of their institutional affiliation.
The First Round Table on ‘Improving Service Levels in Water Supply in Indian Cities and Towns – Continuous Supply vs. Incremental Improvements” was held on March 1, 2013.
The second Round Table Conference was held on “Urban Water Supply and Sanitation: the Regional Water Resources and Pollution Questions” on November 11, 2013 at IIHS City Campus, Bangalore.
The Round Table sought to draw out the linkages between city level water and sanitation with the regional water resources question on the one hand, and the wastewater pollution and management question on the other. The questions discussed at the Round Table were:
- Should regional availability of water resources be the key driver of planning water supply for cities in different region/states?
- How can urban and industrial wastewater treatment be aligned to regional water resources and environmental conditions?
- How should water resource management (including treatment/re-use) be conceptualized institutionally? How can cities be incentivized to adapt to regional/local water resources availability? How can they be made accountable for treating their wastewater?
- Are groundwater based private self-supply and private water tanker markets part of the problem or the solution?
- Is there a case for state level policies laying out standards of service levels for urban water and sanitation?
The Round Table had participants from the Government of Karnataka (incl. Directorate of Municipal Admin, Finance, Mines and Geology, Industries and Commerce), the BWSSB, KUWS&DB, State offices of the Central Groundwater Board, TWAD Board (Tamil Nadu), NGOs (Arghyam, Water Literacy Foundation), WSP-SA, World Bank, Indian Institute of Science, apart from HUDCO and IIHS representatives.
National Round-table on Improving Water Supply Service Levels in Indian Cities and Towns | 1 March 2013
Water is fundamental to life & livelihood. The XII Plan acknowledges the daunting challenge the Indian economy and society face in this sector and calls for a paradigm shift in the management of water resources. The HPEC Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services estimates that Water supply, sewerage and storm water drainage investments amount to about 24% of all urban sector requirements for capital and 41% for O&M respectively.
Though are many institutions responsible for handling this precious resource, an integrated approach seems to be missing for managing water as a resource as well as managing demand. With increase in population, addressing this challenge is critical to sustaining our human settlements. For effective and efficient management of water, the National Water Policy 2012 has proposed institutional reform, awareness creation and capacity building initiatives.
Though Drinking Water Supply schemes were designed for continuous supply, most of the cities get intermittent supply which varies from once a day to once in two to three days. There are arguments that favour installation of required infrastructure to provide continuous supply and those that favour implementing incremental improvements to the existing system.
The IIHS and HUDCO are partnering to providing a platform for discussions and reflections on options for improvements in urban water supply and sanitation in Indian cities. Toward this, a round-table is proposed with select stakeholders in Karnataka, on 1st March 2013, at the IIHS Bangalore City Campus.
Objectives of the Programme
The objective of the round-table is to:
- Invite selected stakeholders from the urban sector in Karnataka to reflect on the experience of systemic improvement models for urban water and sanitation; and
- To provide a platform for a sharing of perspectives and experiences by stakeholders, irrespective of their institutional affiliation/associations.