The Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) is a national education institution committed to the equitable, sustainable and efficient transformation of Indian settlements.
IIHS aims to establish an independently funded and managed national university for education, research and innovation focused on the challenges and opportunities of India’s urban transition. The proposed IIHS University will host an integrated programme of quality campus-based education and research, training and lifelong learning for working professionals, distance and blended learning, as well as a whole array of practice and advisory services. The university will have a strong interdisciplinary orientation bringing together theory and praxis that is grounded in the South Asian context and also engages with and draws from knowledge across the globe.
The IIHS aims to transform research and praxis approaches to urbanisation and wider socio-economic change in India. Within IIHS, the proposed School of Economic Development (SED) seeks to work on Indian, sub-national and internationally comparative analyses, especially of other ‘southern’ or developing contexts. SED’s research and partnerships aim to build a nuanced understanding of economic development in India and contribute to practical strategies that make living and working in India a more inclusive and equitable process.
The SED is committed towards analyses and response to ongoing and previous economic development, economic governance, and economic policy design and planning processes. It analyses economic transformation in the context of how and where people live and work. The SED explores all types and locations of economic organisation, including the vital connections of micro-level urban processes to systemic macro-level and resource issues. The SED is committed to inter-disciplinary engagement on economic development, and more robust connections between theory and development outcomes, with special attention to spatial and institutional challenges.
SED’s researchers use a range of methodologies and partner closely with several organisations. It is committed to building state capacity and problem-solving capabilities and pragmatic partnering opportunities for better villages, towns and cities.
As part of IIHS, to become a leading School of Economic Development worldwide, committed to the exploration and use of inter-disciplinary knowledge and praxis education for India, South Asia and internationally.
- To build economic development research, education, and praxis engagements driven by real-world challenges.
- To build responsible Indian leadership in sustainable economic and urban development.
- To build involvement with improving policy and planning processes, and transparent economic and managerial decision-making of economic development on national, urban and regional economic issues.
- To boost opportunity and equitable development outcomes for those traditionally excluded and marginalised within the economy.
- To build relevant comparative economic development research and international involvement that enriches Indian, urban and other economic strategy.
The School of Economic Development has four focus areas:
- Employment/livelihoods and structural change: This focus area includes sectors with rapid and lagging urban informal economies, productivity, skills and new types of economic and business organisation. The informal economy contributes a substantial share of Indian economic activity, cuts across all sectors and scales of businesses with important gender implications.
- Industry and technological transformation: Developing a deeper understanding of specific industry sectors that have important implications for sustainable urbanisation across the rural-urban continuum. This is enabled via closer engagement with physical investments, upgrading and competitiveness concerns in the private sector and industrial, S&T and innovation plans and policies. Indicative sectors include waste, health, energy, construction, and the overlap between agriculture-manufacturing and manufacturing-services which include intra- and inter-urban freight, logistics and supply chains, manufacturing, storage and process zones and export hubs.
- Economic Development and Urban-Regional Economic Governance: This area addresses wider questions of development, governance, and public financing, including accountability and outcomes of national, state, municipal, and other local bodies. It covers how Indian planning and economic development policies and practices are changing; how economic, regional and urban governance connect, and the political economy of these processes. These range from local Master Plans and neighbourhood plans, through Corridor programs and City Cluster development projects to national ‘Make in India’ plans.
- Structural Change and the Economy-Energy transition: Attempt to understand how resource use, employment and economic transformation are co-evolving, including the structural shifts of the economy, industry sector variation, incentives and behavior and their linkage with sustainable urban development.
Research in the SED uses a range of economic development methodologies. These include qualitative and quantitative approaches to interviews, simulation and modeling, ethnography, econometrics, surveys, GIS and visual mapping techniques, and other methods.
The need for change
There is dearth of adequate curriculum offerings that orient Indian Bachelors, Masters, and Ph.D. students toward pragmatic engagements in the urban and regional economy. Few existing programs in India attempt an inter-disciplinary approach to economic development and challenge learners to work in multiple professional arenas of cities, towns and countryside. The IIHS curriculum aims to train future Indian thought leaders, managers and entrepreneurs for a changed urban future by helping them debate and hone their skills, analytical and propositive abilities, and civic, cross-scalar and multi-stakeholder engagements.
The Concentration in economic development intends to give learners a deeper understanding of various measures and frameworks for analysing the dynamics of economic development. These include:
- The application of the latest tools of modern economic analysis to development challenges.
- The judicious use of quantitative methods for policy analysis and evaluation and the systematic use of inter-disciplinary approaches in appropriate contexts.
- A perspective on contentious contemporary debates about approaches to economic development and policy.
- Situating Indian change in settlements with changes in economic development, including placing India in comparative contexts.
- Analysis of core concepts and data to respond with appropriate economic policy and planning reform at different levels of governance.
- Understanding of changing economic frameworks in which urban India is located spatially, institutionally, culturally, and by gender, caste, religion, and occupation.
- Critical thinking, public engagement, and persuasive writing and drafting skills on economic development policy and planning.
Inter-disciplinary and integrated issues
The SED is focused on inter-disciplinary and connected themes, courses and teaching approaches that overlap with cross-sectoral and multi-scalar urban issues that affect economic development. In conjunction with other IIHS Schools and Labs, the SED will also engage with a range of other research and praxis themes, including:
- Land and Housing
- Physical and Spatial Planning
- Human Development
- Environment, Energy, and Resources
- Urban Governance and Management
- Public, Municipal and Project Finance
Shriya Anand | Consultant- A&R
MPA, Princeton University;
MA (Mathematics), University of Cambridge;
BA (Mathematics), St. Stephen’s College, University of Delhi
Shriya Anand is a faculty member at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements, teaching on topics related to urban economic development and quantitative research methods. She also anchors the Urban Informatics Laboratory, which aims to facilitate access to and consumption of urban data by creating a space for researchers of Indian urbanisation to share data and conceptualise alternative and improved forms of data creation, usage and dissemination.
Her recent research and policy consulting work has focused on the importance of employment intensive growth to achieve poverty reduction and inclusive development in India, with a particular focus on the role of cities in driving this transition. She has also been studying large industrial infrastructure projects such as the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, their relationship with urbanization, and associated choices about development pathways. She recently concluded an 18-month research project, funded by the International Growth Centre, studying the impacts of the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor on existing medium-sized cities.
She was also previously PI on a research project funded by IDFC Foundation on the policy determinants of urban spatial expansion in three medium-sized towns in India. While at IIHS, she has worked with clients including IDFC Foundation, IGC (International Growth Centre), SEWA, UNESCO, UNDP, and the Tamil Nadu Department of Municipal Administration. She holds a Master in Public Affairs from Princeton University, and a Master in Mathematics from Cambridge University, UK.
While at Princeton, she worked with New Jersey Future, a non-profit organization established to promote sustainable land use practices in the state of New Jersey, where she carried out research on the integration of economic and spatial planning in American cities. She also worked on a project for the International Monetary Fund, DC, looking at macroeconomic policy frameworks in East Africa, with a focus on prospects for inflation targeting and a monetary union. She also worked in Cambodia on a plan for a web-based information platform aggregating data on development and environmental issues in Cambodia.
Before her graduate education in public policy, she worked with the National Knowledge Commission, Delhi, an advisory panel constituted by the Prime Minister of India in 2005 to provide recommendations on how to improve India’s potential as a knowledge economy. There, she liaised with sector experts, carried out surveys, provided research support, and prepared policy papers on innovation and entrepreneurship in the Indian economy, vocational education, and library policy.
After that, she worked at the Centre for Development Finance, Chennai, between 2007 and 2009. Here, she was responsible for expanding the work of the Urban Infrastructure and Governance team. Her work focused on urban infrastructure provision to low-income groups, specifically on developing innovative financing strategies and addressing governance challenges. There, she provided advisory inputs for the High Power Expert Committee on financing infrastructure, chaired by Dr. Isher Ahluwalia. She prepared a case study on the Slum Networking Program in Ahmedabad, for presentation at the Boulder Housing Microfinance Program in 2008. She also managed an international competition to unearth instances of innovative institutional responses to India’s urban challenges in partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Revi, A et al (2015) Urban India 2015: Evidence, IIHS, Bangalore.
Balakrishnan, K, and Anand, S (2015) The Sub-Cities of Bangalore: Understanding Urban Heterogeneity through Empirical Typologies, Economic and Political Weekly.
Anand, S, and Sami, N (2015) Manufacturing Cities: Industrial Policy and Urban Growth. IIHS-Rockefeller Foundation, Bangalore
Bhan, G, Anand, S, Idicheria, C, Jana, A, Kodugati, J (2014) Locating the Debate: Poverty and Inequality in Urban India. IIHS-Rockefeller Foundation: Bangalore.
Anand, S, Revi, A, and Kodaganti, J (2014) Cities as Engines of Inclusive Development. IIHS-Rockefeller Foundation: Bangalore.
Anand, S, and Wankhade, K (2014) Understanding Spatial Expansion: Case Studies of three Indian Cities, UGEC Viewpoints Issue No. 10
Anand, S, et al. (2011) Moving Toward a Monetary Union and Forecast-Based Monetary Policy in East Africa, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Feb. 2011
Revi, A et al (2011) Urban India: Evidence 2011, IIHS, Bangalore.
Anand, S (2008) Case Study on Slum Networking Program, Ahmedabad, prepared for the Boulder Microfinance Training Programme.
nand, S; Goswami, A, and Kolaskar, A (2007) Innovation in India, National Knowledge Commission, New Delhi, India
Conference Presentations / Lectures / Talks / Articles
Anand, S, and Koduganti, J (2015) Urban India and its Female Demographic Dividend, www.IndiaSpend.com.
Sami, N, and Anand, S (2015) Manufacturing Cities: Industrial Policy and Urban Planning in India, RC21 The Ideal City: Between Myth and Planning. Urbino, Italy.
Anand, S (2015) The role of Urban Employment in addressing Inequality in India, International Centre for Human Development and National Institute of Advanced Studies Round Table on Addressing Economic Inequality in India, Bangalore.
Anand, S, and Sami, N (2014) Scaling up: Land Use and Economic Development in India’s Urban Corridors, Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning. Philadelphia, PA.
Anand, S, and Wankhade, K (2012) Drivers of Urban Morphology, 6th Urban Research and Knowledge Symposium, Barcelona.
Anand, S (2008) Case study on the Slum Networking Program in Ahmedabad, Boulder Microfinance Training Programme, Turin.
Amogh Arakali | Senior Associate – Academics and Research (SED Affiliates)
M.A. Economics, Department of Economics, University of Mumbai
B.A. Economics, St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
Amogh Arakali works as a Senior Associate in the Academics and Research Team at IIHS. His research interests include issues of economic policy, institutional governance, resource use, commons, and urban political economy. He is particularly interested in exploring research questions involving the intersection of economics with other disciplines including public policy, law and geography.
At present, his research broadly covers two clusters. One cluster deals with the study of interlinkages between economic policy and urban governance. He has been part of a project studying urban corridors and associated strategies for economic and urban development, focusing on industrial corridors being developed in India. He is also a co-author of the IIHS-RF policy paper on Manufacturing Cities: Industrial Policy and Urban Growth, examining the emergence of new forms of economic settlements such as Special Economic Zones, Special Investment Regions, and Industrial Corridors and their role and relevance in contemporary urban India.
The second cluster deals with studying institutions of resource use in Indian cities, and the linkages between their evolution and urban governance. He’s co-authored a case study of Bengaluru’s lake conservation movements, studying them from perspectives of the urban commons. He is also currently writing a paper on theorising the commons, focusing on frameworks derived from institutional economics literature.
Additionally, he’s previously worked on topics such as cash transfers and urban food security, creative economies, climate vulnerabilities in Bengaluru city, and urban exclusion and housing.
Anand, S., Arakali, A., Jana, A., Koduganti, J. & Sami, N. (2014). Manufacturing cities: Industrial policy and urban growth, The Indian Institute for Human Settlements and the Rockefeller Foundation. Bangalore, India
Bhan, G., Anand, G., Arakali, A., Deb, A., & Harish, S. (2013-14). Urban Housing and Exclusion. In CES, India Exclusion Report (pp. 77-107). New Delhi.
Arakali, A. (2015) Why Bangalore’s Sarjapur Road is a tragedy of commons: How will neighbourhoods in such places evolve? DailyO. Link: http://www.dailyo.in/politics/bangalore-sarjapur-road-karnataka-urban-india-high-rises-vertical-growth-metros/story/1/4420.html
Amir Bashir Bazaz | Consultant – Practice
PhD, IIM Ahmedabad; BE (Hons.) – Electrical Engineering, IIT Roorkee
Amir works on issues at the intersection of economics, climate change mitigation and sustainable development. He has substantial experience of working with various top-down & bottom-up economy- energy-environment modeling frameworks/architectures.
Amir holds a PhD in Public Systems from the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and a Bachelors’ Degree in Electrical Engineering (with Hons.) from Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee.
His PhD thesis was titled, ‘Managing the Water-Energy-Climate Change Nexus: An Integrated Policy Road Map for India’. The thesis examined the water-energy-climate change nexus to delineate policies that harmonize the nexus favorably. Typically the energy-climate nexus has been studied as a mitigation problem, the water-energy nexus as a resource & development issue and the water-climate nexus from the water supply dimension. This research, however; studied the nexus in an integrated framework.
Amir started his career in the manufacturing industry, working across functional responsibilities of projects, production planning/control and engineering. He had been the National Expert Consultant to the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India for the Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) project and worked as Assistant Professor (Economics), Symbiosis School of Economics, Symbiosis International University Pune; teaching courses in Environmental and Development Economics.
His current research interests are Low Carbon Cities/Economy/Infrastructure, Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation, Urban-Climate Change linkages, Environmental and Development Economics, Economics of Climate Change, Public Systems/Policy.
Amir is currently working as Consultant – Practice at Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) Bangalore. His primary responsibilities are-
Lead Researcher: 7-year IDRC/DFID funded frontier international research program: CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research in Africa and Asia) that builds on the recent IPCC Assessment Report 5 and focuses on three climate hotspots across Asia and Africa: (a) semi-arid regions (SARs) (b) deltas and (c) glacier and snow-pack dependent river basins. IIHS leads the South-Asia regional research program as part of the ASSAR (Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions) consortium, led by the University of Cape Town (For more details, visit http://www.assar.uct.ac.za/ & http://iihs.co.in/climate-change-research-and-practice/)
Climate Change Economist: in the on-going CDKN-funded project on ‘Reducing resettlement and relocation risk’. This research, carried out by University College London’s Bartlett Development Planning Unit (DPU), the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) and the Latin American Social Science Faculty (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)), examines the various social and economic implications of climate-risk related resettlement and relocation policies in cities across three continents. It seeks to understand the political, economic and institutional contexts in which resettlement takes place; the costs and benefits of resettlement from both the government and individual’s perspective; and how resettlement impacts people’s well-being and resilience over different time frames. The research will compare approaches and identify which policies and practices for climate-related resettlement deliver the most beneficial outcomes. (For more details, visit http://cdkn.org/project/reducing-relocation-risk/)
Some select publications and research
“Multi-model comparison of the economic and energy implications for China and India in an international climate regime” – Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change ( Co-authors: Daniel J.A. Johansson , Paul L. Lucas , Matthias Weitzel , Erik O. Ahlgren , Wenying Chen , Michel G.J. den Elzen , Joydeep Ghosh , Qiao-Mei Liang , Sonja Peterson , Basanta K. Pradhan , Bas J. van Ruijven , P.R. Shukla , Detlef P. van Vuuren , Yi-Ming Wei) (Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11027-014-9549-4) [ DOI 10.1007/s11027-014-9549-4] (2014)
Trends in Technical Progress in India: Analysis of Input-Output Tables from 1968 to 2003 (Co-authors: Ravindra H. Dholakia, Astha Agarwalla, Prasoon Agarwal) in Indian Economy and Economic Reforms: Economy-Wide Studies in Inter-Industry Frameworks, published by Himalaya Publishing House (2014)
“Democratic Governance through Collaborative Design: A Case Study of Urban Community Based Partnership in Ahmedabad,” presented at the “Third International Conference on Public Policy and Management” at Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, August 3-6, 2008 & appeared as a book chapter in the book titled, “Urban Infrastructure and Governance”, published by Routledge, New Delhi (Co-author: Prof Navdeep Mathur)
POEM: Policy options to engage emerging Asian economies in a post-Kyoto regime – The main aim of the POEM project is to contribute to knowledge on different ways of reaching both development and climate objectives in India and China. It is the hypothesis of the project that it is possible to achieve both objectives only through a combination of policies and measures encompassing from international level to national level supported by committed international cooperation. The project developed country-specific integrated modeling framework aiming at analyses of policies and identification of multiple pathways to achieve both socio-economic and climate targets. This project was supported through the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development Research area. For more details, visit http://www.chalmers.se/ee/poem-en/
2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios project: For more details visit http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/
“Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: Ahmedabad,” 2011, Joint Project of Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Kyoto University Japan, National Institute for Environmental Studies Japan, and Mizuho Information and Research Institute Japan (Co-authors: Prof P.R.Shukla, Prof Prem Pangotra, Nidhi Agarwal, Prasoon Agarwal, Yuzuru Matsuoka, Kei Gomi, Tomoki Ehara, Kazuya Fujiwara, Mikiko Kainuma, Junichi Fujino) (Link: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/eng/asia_city.html)
“Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India,” 2011, Joint Project of Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Kyoto University Japan, National Institute for Environmental Studies Japan, and Mizuho Information and Research Institute Japan (Co-authors: Prof P.R.Shukla, Nidhi Agarwal, Prasoon Agarwal, Yuzuru Matsuoka, Tomoki Ehara, Go Hibino, Mikiko Kainuma, Toshihiko Masui, Junichi Fujino) (Link: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/eng/asia.html)
Arindam Jana | Senior Associate, Academic and Research
M.Sc. Economics, Madras School of Economics, Anna University
B.Sc. Mathematics, Madras Christian College, University of Madras
Arindam works in the areas of information systems design, demographics, and regional economic development. His work primarily focuses on assessing the quality of and interpretations that can be drawn from information systems, and designing methodologies and frameworks to draw demographic and economic interpretations from various information sources.
Arindam holds a master’s degree in economics and a bachelor’s degree in mathematics. His thesis was titled “Vulnerability to Consumption Volatility: an Analysis of Indian States,” where, using the concept of evaluating risks in systems which face production shocks, he developed a metric to study vulnerability to uninsured exposure to risk using consumption expenditure data.
Prior to joining IIHS, Arindam has worked with private consulting firms and development finance research institutions, where he worked extensively in the design and implementation of customized information systems for varied industries, ranging from litigation analytics used to identify cartelization in markets, to real-time analytics of limited overs cricket games, to credit scoring and designing of tailor-made micro-savings products.
His current research interests focus on the interpretations that can be drawn from and minimum description lengths for large public databases in India, like the Census and National Sample Surveys. His most recent work looks at interpretations that can be drawn from slum and household level data released by the Census and National Sample Surveys, and develops metrics for the measurement of poverty/inequality at various levels of geographical aggregation.
Arindam is currently working as a Senior Associate, Academics and Research, at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) Bangalore. Apart from his research interests, Arindam also anchors the Urban Informatics Lab (UIL) at IIHS. The UIL is extensively involved in the development of databases focusing on urban India, and, multi-medium dissemination of quantitative research using the databases developed in-house. Some of the recent outputs from the UIL in which Arindam has been extensively involved in are: (a) an extensive geo-spatial and socio-economic analysis to aid in the identification of a capital for the new state of Andhra Pradesh (for the Expert Committee appointed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India); (b) a regional economic development strategy document for Odisha (for a multinational aid agency); and, (c) an socio-economic atlas for India to be published by IIHS, focusing on demographics, economic structure, poverty, housing, access to water and sanitation services, and, energy.
Bhan, G., & Jana, A. (2013). “Of Slums or Poverty: Notes of Caution from Census 2011.” Economic and Political Weekly, 48(18), 13-16.
Bhan, G., & Jana, A. (2015). “Reading Spatial Inequality in Urban India.” Economic and Political Weekly, 50(22), 49-54.
Jana, A. (2015). “Visualizing the ‘Grey’ Area between Rural and Urban India.” The Administrator, 56(2).
Anand, S., Arakali, A., Jana, A., Koduganti, J., & Sami, N. (2014). “Manufacturing Cities: Industrial Policy and Urban Growth.” Indian Institute for Human Settlements.
Anand, S., Bhan, G., Idicheria, C., Jana, A., & Koduganti, J. (2014). “Locating the Debate: Poverty and Vulnerability in Urban India.” Indian Institute for Human Settlements.
Jana, A., & Malladi, T., (2015, forthcoming) “Urban India Evidence: 2015.” Indian Institute for Human Settlements.
Jyothi Koduganti | Associate – Academics and Research
M.Sc (Economics), Symbiosis International University;
B.A, University of Pune
Jyothi works in the area of economic development at IIHS focusing on themes like employment and livelihoods, vulnerability and social security and urban governance. More recently, she has been studying the trends in female employment in India and the urban informal economy.
She has worked on a number of institutional projects on the urban economy and employment, poverty and vulnerability and urban governance. She assisted with economic analysis as part of teams that worked on the Andhra Pradesh Capital Selection Committee Report and on a project titled “Identifying Locations of High-Intensity Economic Agglomeration in Odisha” in partnership with the World Bank. She also worked on an IGC funded reserach project which aimed to examine the impacts of urban industrial corridors like the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor on local and regional economies and governance structures in Gujarat and Rajasthan.
She is a part of the Urban Informatics Lab at IIHS and was part of the team that worked on the IIHS publication titled “Urban India 2015: Evidence”. She is also a teaching assistant for courses on quantitative research methods and data visualization run by the Urban Practioners’ Programme (UPP).
Jyothi has an MSc in Economics with a specialization in Development Studies from the Symbiosis School of Economics (SSE), Pune and a BA in Economics from the Savitribai Phule Pune University. She worked as a teaching assistant for an undergraduate semester course on International Economics during her Masters at SSE. She also has a Diploma in Liberal Arts from Symbiosis, Pune.
Jyothi interned at the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore where she worked on a project titled “Green Banking in India” which scrutinized the role of financial institutions in facilitating the shift towards environmentally sustainable practices in the Indian economy. She also interned at Janwani, Pune where she worked on a project on Participatory Budgeting.
Anand, S., Koduganti, J., & Revi, A. (2015) Cities as Engines of Inclusive Development. IIHS – RF Urban Policy Partnership. Bangalore: Indian Institute for Human Settlements.
Anand, S. & Koduganti, J. (2015) Urban India and its Female Demographic Dividend. Indiaspend. 30 July, 2015. (Link)
Koduganti, J. (Forthcoming). An Examination of Female Workforce Participation in Urban India. The Administrator. Mussoorie: Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.
Sudeshna Mitra is a faculty member at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements. She has taught and advised both undergraduate and graduate students as Visiting Lecturer at Cornell University, as a Tutor at the Cornell in Washington Program on Public Policy and as Visiting Faculty at the School of Planning and Architecture. She has taught courses on Urban Theory, International Institutions, Quantitative and Qualitative Techniques of Policy Analysis, Land Economics and Locational Theories and studio based exercises for zonal and neighborhood level planning. At IIHS she has been teaching and advising through the Urban Practitioners Program and annual workshop for PhD students. She is teaching Phase 3 and Phase 4 officers at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.
She works on the political economy of land and real estate in urban and regional economic development and urban governance. Her research looks at how land use, land values and land rights are affected by conflicts and collaborations across different scales of government and public- private development negotiations and partnerships. She has researched the dynamics of land development in periurban areas, emerging from state government strategies to attract new investment interest in the cities of Kolkata and Hyderabad. Over the past year and a half, she has been involved with research on land records modernization in the states of Karnataka, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat and national level analysis on land administration practices.
Prior to Cornell, she worked as a consultant and was involved with market analyses, demand modeling and financial feasibility analyses for land intensive projects such as Science Parks, Special Economic Zones, Highways, Airports and New Townships. These projects were undertaken for various state and city level government authorities and joint sector infrastructure development bodies and were situated across India and South East Asia. While at Cornell, she worked for the Cornell Cooperative Extension in New York State, where she co- developed a model to monetize the social impacts of the Extension’s work, as a part of a municipal budgetary review process.
She is currently on the Board of Studies of the Physical Planning Department at the School of Planning and Architecture. She is an external moderator for the graduate course on Urban & Regional Development at the University of Western Cape. She serves on the Apoorva Rastogi Fellowship Committee for Undergraduate Women Students at the School of Planning and Architecture. She has been a reviewer for the Cambridge Journal for Regions, Economy and Society. She is an affiliate of the Institute for the Social Sciences, Land Project at Cornell University.
- Gill- Chin Lim Award for Best Dissertation in International Planning, American Collegiate Schools of Planning (2014)
- American Institute of Indian Studies Junior Fellowship (2008-09)
- American Planning Association Student Project Award (2006) for work on the New York upstate economy
- Cornell University Graduate School Research Grant (2007)
- Mario Einaudi Center for International Study Grant (2007)
- Gold Medalist- Masters in Urban Planning, School of Planning and Architecture (1999)
- Gold Medalist- Bachelors of Physical Planning, School of Planning and Architecture (1997)
- GATE Scholar, National Rank:7 (1997- 1999), All India Council for Technical Education, Ministry of HR Development
- Mitra, S (2014) Anchoring Transnational Flows, Hypermodern Spaces in the Global South, in Miraftab, F. and Kudva, N. (eds.) ‘Cities of the Global South’, Routledge
- Mitra, S and Jha, D (forthcoming 2015) Land Records Modernisation in India, The Administrator, LBSNAA
- Mitra, S. (2015) Paper presented on Land Markets and Urban Governance in Land Value Capture, Land Value Capture for Infrastructure: Towards the Redistributive City Workshop, The Bartlett, DPU, University College of London
- Mitra, S (2016) Spatiality, Governance and Development Imaginations of SEZs in India, in Agrawal, S., Mathur, S. and Vidyarthi, S. (eds.) ‘Understanding India’s New Approach to Spatial Planning and Development: A Salient Shift?’. Oxford University Press (forthcoming)
Arjun Srinivas | Assistant – Practice
MSc. (Economics), Madras School of Economics.
B.A (Hons) Economics from Hindu College, Delhi University.
Arjun’s research interests lie in the sphere of Industrial Organization theory and policy. His master’s thesis was titled “Market Segmentation in the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry”. The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry is amongst the largest in the world in terms of both volume and value.The thesis was a firm level study and examined the presence of strategic groups in the industry.The study sought to classify the firms within the context of “Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm”. Furthermore, considering the scale of outward FDI emanating from these firms, there was an attempt made to analyze these flows within the “Eclectic Paradigm” propounded by John Dunning.
He also has a keen interest in development, especially with respect to issues of Human Development and Well-being. He is currently working with the ASSAR (Adaptation at Scale in Semi Arid regions) project within the Indian Institute for Human Settlements. The ASSAR is part of the broader CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research in Africa and Asia) consortium which is a 7-year IDRC/DFID funded frontier international research program. His contribution has been with respect to the conceptualization of well-being and vulnerability with respect to climate change adaptation. He is working on a discussion paper that will define ASSAR South Asia region’s approach to well-being within the “Social Differentiation and Gender” stream of the project.
(For more details, visit http://www.assar.uct.ac.za/ & http://iihs.co.in/climate-change-research-and-practice/)
He is further interested in writing and editorial activities. He was the Editor-in-chief, Athena 2014, the annual magazine of Finance and Economics of the Madras School of Economics (ISSN 2347 – 6125). The issue was based on the theme of ‘Innovation’ and consists of diverse articles and interviews on the theme, from the perspective of economists, management scholars and lawyers alike. It comprises a foreword by Dr C Rangarajan, the erstwhile chairman of the Prime Minster’s Economic Advisory Council and was released by Dr N.Ravi, Editor-in-Chief of The Hindu, on the 15th of March, 2014. He has also contributed opinion pieces to online forums. His article on democracy, culture and the economy, titled “Disruptive Lesser Loyalties in contemporary India” was published on the LSE India blogs. (Link presented below)
He has in the past, interned with The Economic Times, India’s leading financial daily, where he worked in analysis and reporting of news in the technology and emerging business verticals. He started his career as an Analytics Consultant with Equifax, the world’s second largest consumer credit bureau. His work involved leveraging the data assets of Equifax, ranging from financial data to utilities and demographic data to develop financial risk and marketing response models for an assortment of clients.
A native Bangalorean, he aspires to use his skills in applied economics research, within an inter disciplinary setting, to help understand the compelling issues that Bangalore is likely to encounter in its transition to a Global Metropolis.
The proposed School for Economic Development (SED) at IIHS:
- Recognises that the bulk of the Indian and the world economy and much of its growth comes from cities and metropolitan areas. Hence, the central role of urban and regional economic development plans and policies in addressing poverty, inequality and sustainability challenges
- Embeds the economy in multiple institutional, spatial, and physical ways: via villages, towns, cities, regions, factory sites, live-work areas, process zones, freight corridors, public land.
- A focus on urbanisation implies a deep and nuanced understanding of the urban-rural continuum, and ongoing transformational changes taking place in rural and agrarian economies and the strong linkages between urban and rural areas
- The SED distinguishes between economic growth and economic development, focusing more on the latter. Economic development benefits can emerge with or without growth and economic development goes well beyond a singular focus on growth rates. Yet, economic can provide strategic opportunities for institutional change and reform and addressing regional inequality.
- The SED understands that the economy is multi-dimensional and spills over into many of life’s facets. Similarly, many aspects of life: culture, gender, language, philosophy, religion, shape the economy.
- The School aims to change the role of evidence in decision-making that affects the economy in core areas such as investments, employment and work, economic geography and the environment.
- Explicitly focuses on technological transformation, including the complex interplay between manufacturing, agriculture and services.
- Directs attention to work and workers in the economy, including governance mechanisms and planning instruments to include them, such as industrial plans, housing and mobility.
- The SED connects economy and energy plans and policies. No sustainable economy is possible without attention to resource use and energy efficiency and innovations.