Urban India 2015: Evidence
Lead Authors: Arindam Jana, Teja Malladi | Editor: Aromar Revi | August 2015
The second edition of IIHS’ urban atlas series is titled Urban India 2015: Evidence. The themed urban atlas covers a set of sectors: socio-spatial demographics, transport, energy, affordable housing, water supply and sanitation, urban economy, and poverty, inequality and exclusion.
Urban India 2011: Evidence
Aromar Revi, Charis Elizabeth Idicheria, Garima Jain, Geetika Anand, H.S. Sudhira, Jessica Seddon, Kavita Wankhade, M.K. Rashmi, Priyadarshini J Shetty, Revati Dhoble, Shashikala.V.Gowda, Shriya Anand, Sujatha Srinivasan | 22 November 2011
India’s urban transition, a once in history phenomenon, has the potential to shift the country’s social, environmental, political, and economic trajectory. It could catalyse, the end of calorie poverty if post-1989 China is any example. It could deepen democracy and human development, leading to more Indians living longer, better quality and better educated lives. It could enable the transition to a less resource intensive development, with lower throughputs, footprints and environmental impacts that could reshape global trends because of India’s demographic and economic size. But these are only aspirations. Hard evidence indicates that much work needs to be done to realise these opportunities over the next twenty to thirty years.
Research Papers and Articles
Sub-cities of Bengaluru: Urban Heterogeneity through Empirical Typologies
Krishnachandran Balakrishnan, Shriya Anand
Vol. 50, Issue No. 22, EPW
Sub-city typologies could enable a better understanding of urban heterogeneity. Ward-level Population Enumeration Data, and Houselisting and Housing Census Data from the 2011 Census is used here to construct sub-city typologies for Bengaluru. Nine variables from the census are selected to represent three broad classes of attributes for each ward–housing conditions, availability of amenities, and socio-economic status. Hierarchical and nonhierarchical cluster analysis methods are then used to delineate empirical typologies. The results indicate that a four-cluster solution may provide a useful typological classification of Bengaluru wards. The utility and limitations of such an approach are also discussed.
Reading Spatial Inequality in Urban India
Gautam Bhan and Arindam Jana
Vol. 50, Issue No. 22, EPW
Where one lives matters because patterns of spatial inequality shape the horizons of urban lives. They also critically affect urban policies, especially in large metropolitan cities where intra-urban differences can be of very large magnitudes. Gaining insights from recently released ward-level census data for urban settlements, this paper uses a set of constructed indices and geospatial maps to focus on spatial inequality within cities and across scales of settlements. Arguing that the slum is not a proxy for urban poverty and inadequate housing patterns, it underscores the need for newer methods to spatially trace multidimensional urban poverty and vulnerability.
Visualising the ‘Grey’ Area between Rural and Urban India
Do official levels of urban population in India truly capture the extent that lives in dense, highly populated conditions with significant non-agricultural earning opportunities commonly associated with ‘urban’ contexts? According to the Census of India, the country is about one third urban—27 per cent in 2001 and 31 per cent in 2011. However, these figures fail to capture those sections of the population that live in urban-like settlements but are not counted due to the strict dichotomous nature of ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ definitions in India. In this paper, we bring focus on the patterns and geographies of the grey area between ‘rural’ and ‘urban’, thereby shedding light on future trends of urbanisation in India, and underlining policy implications in terms of resource allocation and governance.
Urban India and its Female Demographic Dividend
Shriya Anand and Jyothi Koduganti
In Indian Cities, Women Travel Slow, Men In A Rush
How can India spread the joy of reading to all?
B Preedip Balaji, Vinay MS and Mohan Raju
How does the City Eat?
Jyothi Koduganti and Charrlotte Adelina
Data Visualisation and Interactive Data Applications
- Topo App
The team designed and developed a web-app for comparing 1950’s topographical maps (published by the US Army Topographic Command, sourced from the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection of the University of Texas [link: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/ams/india/] to current physical maps.
- Energy Consumption Dashboard
The UIL team developed a Visual Basic application for the Administrative team at IIHS to track energy consumption in the IIHS BCC on a regular basis.
- Slum Profile Dashboards
The team developed an application to visualise Census of India slum data for the Karnataka Affordable Housing Policy and Slum Development Policy.
- Application to visualise Goods and Commodities data
The team is working towards creating an interactive application to visualise year-wise imports and exports by state using the goods and commodities database published by the Government of India.
- Bengaluru traffic visualisation
The team is working on visualising Bengaluru’s traffic using images of Google’s traffic maps.
- Automating the process of tracking IIHS research impact
The team developed a Parser written in visual Basic to assist the IIHS Library with tracking Google scholar citations of IIHS research. This Visual Basic module implements a querier and parser for Google Scholar’s output with features including tracking citation counts of individual author irrespective of their profile presence and creating a year wise summary sheet of citation count.