The National Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation in India
Indian Institute for Human Settlements
17-18 April 2015 | India International Centre, New Delhi

Climate change is one of the defining existential and development challenges of our time. India in general, and Indian cities and settlements in particular are amongst the most vulnerable to climate impacts with hundreds of millions of people at risk.

IIHS is organizing a National Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation in India on 17th and 18th April, 2015 at the India International Centre, New Delhi as part of the five year IDRC/DFID funded international research programme, CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia). CARIAA focuses on three climate hotspots across Asia and Africa: (a) semi-arid regions (SARs) (b) deltas and (c) glacier and snow-packed dependent river basins.

The ASSAR (Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions) consortium is one of the four consortiums under the CARIAA research programme and it focuses on semi-arid regions (SARs) in Africa and Asia (India). This consortium is led by the University of Cape Town and includes partners like the University of East Anglia, Oxfam and START.  IIHS leads the South-Asia regional research programme and partners with ATREE and WOTR and project collaborator IITM across three Indian states and sub-regions:  the Moyar-Bhavani basin sub-region in Tamil Nadu, Ahmednagar (Sangamner) in Maharashtra and Bangalore in Karnataka.

Second in a series of consultations, this event will mark the end of the first year of diagnostic research phase. IIHS and partners will share the preliminary findings from diagnostic research around selected sub-regions in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. These findings span climate and biophysical processes in the sub-regions; development and socio-economic trends at national and sub-national levels; risks and vulnerabilities that populations within these sub-regions are exposed to and local adaptation options and strategies that are being implemented.

The consultation will bring together a select set of thought, policy and practice leaders from government, academia, civil society and practitioners whose experience and insights will greatly enrich the discussions, and contribute to an on-going exploration of the emerging dynamics on climate policy in India.

DAY 1: 17th April, 2015
09:30 – 10:00 Registration
Opening Session – 10:00 – 11:45
Emerging Issues in Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation: India’s Response

Welcome – Aromar Revi, IIHS, Bangalore
Introducing CARIAA – Murali Kallur, IDRC, New Delhi
Keynote – Nitin Desai, Member, PM Council on Climate Change
Keynote – Rathin Roy, Director, NIPFP, New Delhi
Introducing ASSAR – Sumetee P Gajjar, IIHS, Bangalore

Tea break – 11:15 – 11:30
11:30 – 11:40 Introduction to the Technical Sessions & Expectations – Amir Bazaz, IIHS, Bangalore
Technical Session 1 – 11:40 – 13:30
Climate Change: Trends & Projections
Presentation by Milind Bunyan, ATREE, Bangalore

Panel Discussion
K J Ramesh (Chair), MoES
Crispino Lobo, WOTR, Pune
Jagdish Krishnaswamy, ATREE, Bangalore
Milind Mujumdar, IITM, Pune
J Sanjay, IITM, Pune
Vimal Mishra, IIT Gandhinagar

Lunch break – 13:30 – 14:30
Technical Session 2 – 14:30 – 16:30
Risks, Impacts and Vulnerability
Presentation by Andaleeb Rahman & Prathigna Poonacha, IIHS, Bangalore

Panel Discussion
A K Gosain (Chair), IIT Delhi
S Chandrasekhar, IGIDR, Mumbai
V Geethalakshmi, TNAU, Coimbatore
Himanshu Pathak, IARI, Delhi
Neha Sami, IIHS, Bangalore
Shrinivas Badiger, ATREE, Bangalore

Tea break – 16:30 – 16:45
16:45 – 17:00 Closing remarks
DAY 2: 18th April, 2015
10:00 – 10:15 Summary of Day 1 – Amir Bazaz, IIHS, Bangalore
Technical Session 3 – 10:15 – 13:00
Adaptation-Development Spectrum
Presentation by Chandni Singh, IIHS, Bangalore & Divya Solomon, ATREE, Bangalore
Tea break – 10:40 – 11:00
Adaptation-Development Spectrum

Panel Discussion
Purnamita Dasgupta (Chair), IEG, New Delhi
Garima Jain, IIHS, Bangalore
Marcella D’Souza, WOTR, Pune
S Nareshkumar, IARI, New Delhi
R N Padaria, IARI, New Delhi
N H Ravindranath, CES, IISc., Bangalore
S Satapathy, MoEF-CC, New Delhi

Lunch break – 13:00 – 14:00
Session 4 – 14:00 – 15:30
Collaborative Networks and Mainstreaming Adaptation in Policy and Practice

Panel Discussion
Aromar Revi (Chair), IIHS, Bangalore
A K Gosain, IIT Delhi
Himanshu Pathak, IARI, New Delhi
Kamal Kishore, NDMA, New Delhi
Purnamita Dasgupta, IEG, New Delhi
N H Ravindranath, CES, IISc., Bangalore

15:30 – 15:45 Way forward – Sumetee P Gajjar, IIHS, Bangalore
Tea – 15:45 – 16:00

Opening Session: Emerging Issues in Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation: India’s Response
Nitin Desai,  Rathin Roy

Technical Session 1 : Climate Change: Trends & Projections
K J Ramesh
Panelists: Crispino Lobo, Milind Mujumdar, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, J Sanjay, Vimal Mishra

 Questions for discussion:

  • What is the state of the evidence with respect to changing climate baselines in the region? Are there discernible trends?
  • What information is available from regional downscaled climate model projections about future climate change? How robust are the projections? Where are the important contradictions?
  • How relevant is this climate (model) information to near and medium-term decision making? What are the limits of climate model information to support decision-making?

Technical Session 2: Risks, Impacts and Vulnerability
A K Gosain
Panelists:  S Chandrasekhar, V Geethalakshmi, Himanshu Pathak, Neha Sami, Shrinivas Badiger

Questions for discussion:

  • What are important risks and impacts (climatic and non-climatic) facing vulnerable groups?
  • Who is vulnerable, how are they vulnerable, and what factors make them so?
  • What are important gender and other socially differentiated dimensions of vulnerability?
  • How have recent development trends changed vulnerability? What are important climate dimensions of changed vulnerability?
  • What are key governance dimensions of vulnerability?

Technical Session 3: Adaptation-Development Spectrum
Purnamita Dasgupta
Panelists: Garima Jain, Marcella D’Souza, S Nareshkumar, R N Padaria, N H Ravindranath, S Satapathy

Questions for discussion:

  • What are the prominent coping and risk management strategies, by whom and for what reason?
  • How have existing risk management strategies for a range of impacts helped reduce climate risks and build adaptive capacities?
  • How is adaptation planning being developed, promoted and implemented? By whom? What aspects of governance need to be strengthened to support further adaptation?
  • What is motivating and supporting adaptation action?
  • Are development trajectories impeding adaptation or leading to maladaptation? Is there evidence of adaptation being mainstreamed into development?

Session 4: Collaborative Networks and Mainstreaming Adaptation in Policy and Practice
Aromar Revi
Panelists: A K Gosain, Himanshu Pathak, Kamal Kishore, Purnamita Dasgupta, N H Ravindranath

Speaker Profiles
Amir Bazaz
Consultant, IIHS

Amir Bazaz is a lead researcher at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements. He works on issues at the intersection of economics, climate change mitigation and sustainable development. His current research interests are low carbon societies/infrastructure, climate change adaptation, urban-climate change linkages.

Aromar Revi
Director, IIHS

Aromar Revi is Director of the Indian Institute for Human Settlements. He is one of South Asia’s leading experts on global environmental change & Climate adaptation & mitigation. He is a Coordinating Lead Author of the IPCC Assessment Report Five on Urban Areas. He is an international practitioner, consultant, researcher and educator with 30 years of interdisciplinary experience in public policy & governance, political economy of reform, development, technology, sustainability & human settlements.

A K Gosain
Professor & Head, Civil Engineering Department, IIT-Delhi

A. K Gosain, is a Professor of Water Resources Engineering and GIS Technologies in the Civil Engineering Department, IIT Delhi. Some of the recent works of Gosain include a significant contribution to the first NATCOM (National Communication to the UNFCCC). Gosain and his team undertook the segment on Vulnerability Assessment & Adaptation for Water Sector and quantified the possible impact of the climate change on water resources of the country.

Crispino Lobo
Co-founder and Chairman, WOTR

An alumnus of the Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, India, and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA. He is well known in development circles for his knowledge and achievements in the fields of natural resource management, participatory watershed development and integrated water resources management. He co-founded WOTR, together with Fr. Bacher. He now heads the Sampada Trust, a microfinance and entrepreneurship development centre.

Garima Jain
Consultant, IIHS

Garima Jain is a consultant at Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS). Her areas of research include issues of vulnerabilities and risks particularly in urban areas, migration, climate change and multi-dimensional urban poverty. She has been instrumental in building and delivering capacity building programmes for working professionals on various themes including – Integrated Urban Disaster Risk Reduction, Urban India & Environmental Sustainability, Data Visualisation and Re-imagining the World-class city.

Himanshu Pathak
Professor, NICRA

Himanshu Pathak is an agricultural scientist and a professor at NICRA. He has worked as a visiting scientist in the University of Essex, United Kingdom; International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines; CSIRO Land and Water, Australia and Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Germany. Currently, he is a Lead Author on the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report and a Coordinator of DARE/ ICAR for the climate negotiations in the UNFCCC.

Jagdish Krishnaswamy
Convenor and Senior Fellow, ATREE

Jagdish Krishnaswamy is an eco-hydrologist and landscape ecologist with keen interests in Bayesian statistical approaches.  He is increasingly applying his training and experience to questions and problems related to ecosystem services, especially hydrological services in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.  He is currently the Convener and Senior Fellow at the Suri Sehgal Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) and leader of the Ecosystem services and human well-being programme.  He also an Affiliate Faculty at the National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bangalore.

J Sanjay
Scientist D, IITM

J Sanjay is a scientist at the Indian Institute for Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune. His key areas of research include “Atmospheric Boundary Layer Processes” with emphasis on their improved representation through Numerical Models and understanding “Feedbacks on Indian Summer Monsoon Variability” with special emphasis land surface processes.

Kamal Kishore
Member, NDMA

Kamal Kishore has worked on disaster risk reduction and recovery (DRR) issues for over 22 years at the local, national, regional and global levels. Prior to joining the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), he worked with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for nearly thirteen years in New Delhi, Geneva and New York. At UNDP headquarters he led global advocacy to address disaster risk reduction (DRR) concerns in the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Prior to UNDP, Kamal worked with Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (as Director of Information and Research and Manager of Extreme Climate Events Programme) and The Action Research Unit for Development (TARU).

K J Ramesh
Advisor, MoES

KJ Ramesh is a scientist at Ministry of Earth Science (MoES) and currently an Advisor to the Prime Minster on Disaster Support and Climate Change.

Marcella D’Souza
Executive Director, WOTR

Marcella D’Souza is the Executive Director of Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR). She has worked for years in semi-arid regions and upon witnessing the varying and unpredictable weather patterns and its impact on rural livelihoods, initiated WOTR’s Climate Change Adaptation project for implementation and applied research in 2009.

Milind Mujumdar
Scientist D, IITM

Milind Mujumdar has specialized in climate change and simulation modelling and is currently a scientist at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology. His research broadly looks at climate science such as monsoon variability and predictability, phenomenon of monsoon-breaks and droughts, dynamics of monsoon and mid-latitude interactions, climate dynamics and modelling with special focus on the Asian monsoon coupled atmosphere-ocean-land system and large-scale organization of convection over the tropics and monsoon region.

Murali Kallur
Senior Program Officer, IDRC

Murali Kallur is an ecologist specialized in the sustainable use of natural resources and the conservation of biodiversity. He is also an expert on climate change adaptation for communities dependent on forests, oceans, and agriculture. He is the Senior Program Officer at IDRC, working on the CARIAA program, particularly towards large river basin, river deltas and semi-arid regions.

Neha Sami
Consultant, IIHS

Neha Sami is a consultant at Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS), where she works on understanding multi-scalar environmental governance in India, especially in the context of climate change. At present, she is also studying large urban corridors in India, and is beginning to explore the relationship between land use and climate change in the Indian urban context. She teaches on issues of climate change, environmental planning, land, and urban governance.

N H Ravindranath
Professor, CES, IISc

N H Ravindranath is the chairman of ASTRA and a member of Center for Ecological Sciences at IISc, Bangalore. His area of research include forestry, rural energy, community and sustainable development, natural resource monitoring, climate change and related issues. He has extensively contributed to eight IPCC Assessment Reports.

Nitin Desai
Member, Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change

Nitin Desai has had a long illustrious career in the Government of India and the United Nations. He was the Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992 Rio Earth Summit).  In 1993 he was appointed at the Under-Secretary-General level to head the Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development. He has contributed to the development of rational policies for infrastructure. In the Planning Commission of the Government of India, he played a key role in the establishment of an economic cost-benefit framework that brought greater rationality into technology and design choices in energy, transport and urban development. He has also contributed to the growing acceptance of social inclusion as an essential element in infrastructure planning.

Purnamita Dasgupta
Associate Professor, IEG

Purnamita Dasgupta is an associate professor at the Institute of Economic Growth (IEG). Her research and specializations include environmental and natural resource economics with special focus on water resources and forestry, health economics, development economics, applied research methods. Purnamita was the Coordinating Lead Author for IPCC Fifth Assessment Report – Working Group II.

Rathin Roy
Director, NIPFP

Rathin Roy took charge as Director NIPFP (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy) in May 2013. Prior to joining NIPFP, he served as the Director of Asia Pacific Regional Centre, UNDP, Bangkok, and the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG), UNDP, Brazil. He has also served as the Public Resource Management Advisor, and the Acting Cluster Leader, Inclusive Development, in the Poverty Practice, Bureau for Development Policy (BDP), UNDP. Recently, he was appointed as part-member of the Seventh Central Pay Commission, constituted by the Government of India.

R N Padaria
Principal Scientist, ICAR-IARI

R N Padaria is a Principal Scientist at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI). Currently, his work focuses on “Innovative Models for Sustainable Agricultural Development”.

S Chandrasekhar
Associate Professor, IGIDR

S Chandrasekhar is presently an Associate Professor, at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai. From May 2010 – Mar 2011, he served as an Advisor to President of Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Co-Chairman and Managing Director of Jubilant Bhartia Group. Among his ongoing research projects are: The Commuting Worker: An Overlooked Aspect of Rural-Urban Interaction, Strengthen and Harmonize Research and Action on Migration in the Indian Context (SHRAMIC), and Tackling Agriculture -Nutrition Disconnect in India.

Shrinivas Badiger
Program Leader, ATREE

Shrinivas leads the program on Land, Water and Livelihoods at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bangalore. His past work focused on assessing the impact of watershed development programs on water availability and human wellbeing; role of land-use intensification on rural-urban conflicts over water appropriation; and understanding the impact of land use land cover change on hydrologic services including those on agriculture. His recent work is focused on understanding farmers’ vulnerability to climate and other drivers; the role of institutions and improved governance in minimizing climate change driven disasters.

Sumetee P Gajjar
Lead – Practice, IIHS

Sumetee Pahwa Gajjar is a consultant with the Indian Institute for Human Settlements. She is interested in researching the confluence of climate science and climate change policy response, climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions, energy efficiency and renewable energy solutions for sustainable development, extension of resilience thinking into trans-disciplinary practice for sustainable outcomes.

S Nareshkumar
Principal Scientist, NICRA

S Nareshkumar, specialized in climate change and simulation modelling is currently a principal scientist at the National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), Indian Agricultural Research Institute. He has contributed in Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Assessments, Crop Simulation Modelling and Eco-physiology of crops.

S Satapathy
Director, MoEF-CC

S Satpathy is the Director of Climate Change Division in Ministry of Environment & Forests.

Vimal Mishra
Professor, IIT-Gandhinagar

Vimal Mishra is a professor of civil engineering at IIT, Gandhinagar. His research focuses on understanding impacts of climate variability and climate change on various aspects (e.g. water resources, energy, infrastructure, and food security) related to humans and society. He integrates observed and remotely sensed datasets with large scale hydrologic modeling to answer important questions related to human-climate interactions.

V Geethalaxmi
Professor, TNAU

V Geethalakshmi is a professor in the Agro climate Research Centre, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore. Her research includes seasonal rainfall prediction, development of weather based agro-advisory, climate change and its impact on agriculture, crop weather modelling.